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eBooks @ UHSP

Popular eBooks, eBook collections, and solutions for common access issues.

APA & MLA Style

APA = American Psychological Association


It is not necessary to note that you have used an eBook or audiobook when the content is the same as a physical book.

However, you should distinguish between the eBook or audiobook and the print version IF the content is different or abridged, or if you would like to cite the narrator of an audiobook.

Format examples:
  • Lastname, F. M. (Year). Title of eBook. Publisher. URL
  • Lastname, F. M. (Year). Title of eBook [eBook edition]. Publisher. URL
  • Lastname, F. M. (Year). Title of eBook (N. Narrator, Narr.) [Audiobook]. Publisher. URL (if applicable)

For more information, see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed.

MLA = Modern Language Association


Citations for e-books closely resemble those for physical books. Simply indicate that the book in question is an e-book by putting the term "e-book" in the "version" slot of the MLA template (i.e., after the author, the title of the source, the title of the container, and the names of any other contributors).

While MLA 8th edition recommends including URLs, make sure the URL you use is a permalink or use a DOI. Because library databases require a login, the URL in the address bar will stop working after the session ends. 

Format Example:
  • Author's Last Name, First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle if Any. Edition (if given and is not the first edition), Publisher Name often shortened, Year of publication. Name of Library Database, Permalink URL.

For more information, see the MLA Handbook, 8th ed.